This Surath is revealed in Medina in between the 3rd and 5th year of Hijra. It is revealed after the battle of Uh’d in which 70 Muslim warriors were killed. It contains the laws pertaining to their widows and children who became orphans and indigents, and the laws pertaining to indigents and the laws of inheritance.
This Surath containing 176 verses which explains several stages for divorce, the list of women with whom the marriage is prohibited, the list of true disbelievers, the laws of salutations, the code of conduct towards hypocrites, the real character of the people of Book, the severe punishment for the rejecters of Lord’s Book and the laws as well as the ransom when a believer kills another believer by mistake. It contains the verses advising the believers to give protection to women, children and the weaklings even during battle. It also contains the verses introducing Satan, Prophet Jesus raising up to the Heaven bodily and his second coming to the Earth, and the verse which says that the Book is the Proof and the Light for entire mankind.